Store one gallon of water (two quarts for drinking, and two quarts for food preparation/sanitation) per person per day with a minimum three-day supply.
- A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments & intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers & ill people will need more water.
- Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your household. If using powdered milk, store extra water.
- If you have questions about the quality of the water, purify it before drinking. You can heat water to a rolling boil for ten minutes or use commercial purification tablets to purify the water. You can also use household liquid chlorine bleach if it is pure, unscented 5.25% sodium hypochlorite. After adding bleach, shake or stir the water container and let stand for thirty minutes before drinking.
Store at least a three to five day supply of non-perishable food. Select food that requires no refrigeration, preparation, or cooking that contains little or no water. Select food that is compact & lightweight. Consider packing a heat source for hot food.
- Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, & vegetables
- Canned juices, milk, & soup
- Staples such as sugar, salt and pepper
- High energy foods like peanut butter, granola bars, & trail mix
- Food for infants, elderly persons or persons with special diets
- Comfort and stress food like cookies, sweetened cereals, lollipops, instant coffee, & tea bags