Redevelopment is a process created to assist local governments in eliminating physical and economic blight from a designated Redevelopment Project Area and to achieve desired development, reconstruction and rehabilitation, including but not limited to: residential, commercial, industrial, and public infrastructure. The goal of Redevelopment is to create a safe, economically viable and balanced project area that provides all of the socially desirable attributes communities want: sound public and private improvements, good jobs, safe places, strong commerce, recreational opportunities, decent and affordable housing, and increasing property values.
A Redevelopment Agency is able to use special legal and financial mechanisms to achieve these goals. This authority is granted to the Agency through the state of California's Health and Safety Code (Section 33000-et.seq.), also known as the California Community Redevelopment Law. The law requires that a Redevelopment Project Area must exhibit conditions of both physical and economic blight before any redevelopment activity can occur. Symptoms of economic blight include inability to develop vacant lots, high vacancy rates in existing commercial space, and high turnover in commercial space. Physical blight may include graffiti, deterioration of buildings and property, irregularly shaped lots, and inadequate infrastructure to support development. The surveys and analyses of a proposed redevelopment project area must address whether or not these types of blighting conditions are present before a City Council can pass legislation permitting the use of redevelopment authority in that given area.